Sri Akal Takht Sahib
At the holy, sacred and historic city of Sri Amritsar established by Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Ram Das; Sri Akal Takht Sahib created by father of Miri-Piri (doctrine of close relationship between religion and politics) Sri Hargobind Sahib in 1606 AD, the sovereign institution representing the independent Sikh thinking is well-seated in front of Sri Harmandir Sahib. Sri Akal Takht Sahib, created by the great warrior and much altruistic Satguru Sri Hargobind Sahib, is the foremost center of strength of the Sikh panth, was constructed by Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Gurdas Ji as per sacred vaak (hymn) “ਕਿਸੀ ਰਾਜ ਨਹਿ ਹਾਥ ਲਗਾਇਉ-ਬੁਢੇ ਓ ਗੁਰਦਾਸ ਬਨਾਇਓ ”. Sri Akal Takht Sahib symbolizes the divine combination of politics and religion, which is called as Miri-Piri, Bhagti-Shakti in Sikh terminology. In order to inculcate in the people the basic Gurmat (teachings of Sikh Gurus) ideas of human dignity and freedom, the spirit of fearlessness, ‘ਹਰਿ ਸਚੇ – (True Lord)’ established the divine true Takht (seat) so that no human, caste, religion, country could keep either of these in their control and everyone’s right to live according to their own ideology is made independent. From this holy place, the first order was issued to the Gursikhs (true, pious Sikhs of Guru) to adorn shastar (arms), to offer good arms and youth at the Guru’s Darbar, in the evening bir-ras vaaran (inspirational ballads) were sung to inspire the kaum (community) to fight against oppression. During the era of Sikh, Mughal and Afghan struggle, Gursikhs continued to take inspiration, enthusiasm and leadership from Sri Akal Takht Sahib. Sri Akal Takht Sahib has always given harmony and uniformity to the political affairs of the Sikhs settled anywhere. History testifies that the struggle for the fulfillment of the above objectives that began under the leadership of Sri Akal Takht Sahib continues unabated. Whenever human freedom and self-respect came in danger, taking the spirit of the true religion, the Gursikhs always took inspiration and guidance from here. The words 'Khalsa Ji Ke Bolbaale and Raj Karega Khalsa' also resonate from here. The governments of the time have always remained afraid and trembling from this voice. That is why every means was used to crush the building, ideals, sentiments of Sri Akal Takht Sahib but the governments of the time kept on disappearing and Kesri parcham (deep orange triangular Sikh flag) kept flying at Sri Akal Takht Sahib. During the genocide of 1984, the tyrannical government of the time severely demolished the sacred historical building of this shrine, so that existence of the source of inspiration for independent Sikh thinking could be finished. The existence of the invaders has ended but the central place of devotion-strength will always be the source of inspiration, strength and enthusiasm for the Gursikhs. ‘ਜਹਾਂ ਜਹਾਂ ਖਾਲਸਾ ਜੀ ਸਾਹਿਬ, ਤਹਾਂ ਤਹਾਂ ਰੱਛਿਆ ਰਿਆਇਤ – (Wherever there is Khalsa Ji Sahib, their protection concession)’, Chardi Kala of panth (community), is prayed by every Gursikh every day. Their guarantor is also Sri Akal Takht Sahib. Therefore, every hukam (order) issued from Sri Akal Takht Sahib, be it raja-runk (ruler-penniless), amir-gareeb (rich-poor), every Gursikh, bowing down to the hukam of Guru-panth (Guru’s community), accepting it, attains the happiness of Guru Patshah.